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Maltipoo Breeding

Two Types of Breeding

In regard to Maltipoo breeding, there are two types:
  • Poodle to Maltese, resulting in a 1st generation Maltipoo
  • Maltipoo to Maltipoo, resulting in a 2nd generation Maltipoo...And if this type continues, a 3rd, 4th, 5th generation and so on.
We will discuss both kinds...
1st Generation

While groups such as the Maltipoo Club of America are actively pursuing the possibility of having this breed be accepted into the AKC as a new, purebred dog, in order to have this happen one of the 1st steps is to have a solid standard for the dog.

As of now, too many people are breeding in different ways and this causes the puppies to vary quite a bit. Right now, there is too much of a range in regard to weight, height, body structure and so forth.

To promote this "hybrid" breed, those who are fond of the Maltipoo and do want this dog to eventually be accepted as its own breed and not a "designer dog", "hybrid" or mix encourage only 1st generation dogs.

It will still take many generations, however eventually if enough breeders hone in on certain attributes of Maltipoos, they will have a completely distinct appearance.

Right now, some will tend to look more like Poodles and others will lean toward the Maltese appearance. However, with good breeding practices, in the foreseeable future the Maltipoo can emerge as its own recognized breed.
What This Means and Breeding Guidelines

A "true" Maltipoo is a puppy that is the result of a mating between a purebred toy Poodle and a purebred Maltese. 
Maltipoo breeding
Photo courtesy of Pam Becker
Please note that no matter what you may have read elsewhere, only the toy is used, never a miniature or a standard. Using a Mini greatly stretches out the size range of this hybrid and size - among other elements - is really important in narrowing down how a certain dog is defined. 

When breeding toy Poodle to purebred Maltese, you will have a true, 1st generation Maltipoo. 

There is no guidelines to say whether the dam should be a toy Poodle or a Maltese....However, one of the most important factors will be that the female should always be larger than the male. It is done this way, as with just about all dog breeds, so that the dam will have an easier time delivering and will be less prone to have to have a cesarean section.
The toy Poodle standard calls out for the dog to be between 6 and 9 pounds. The weight for the Maltese is between 4-7 pounds. So, as you can see, both are very similar... And for this reason, one must choose for each breeding which breed will be the dam and which will be the sire. For example, you can pair a 8 pound female toy Poodle with a 5 pound male Maltese.
Maltipoo puppy
Izzy, 9 weeks old
Photo courtesy of LaTanya Keough
If the parents are of low quality, you will produce a litter of low quality puppies. In order to have the best chance for healthy, good structured puppies with wonderful soft coats, you will want to have both parents be healthy, sound of of the best body structure possible. There are some dogs that are meant for breeding and some that are not.... You will not get far pairing up dogs that are just not breeding dogs.

Healthy coats, good body structure, proper ear set, within the correct weight range, good bite, good tail set... all of these elements will be passed down to Maltipoo litters or they will be missing... So it is important to choose quality  dogs for both sire and dam. The future of the Maltipoo as a prospective recognized breed is at stake. 
Before You Allow a Tie

The dam (female) and sire (male) should be tested to be medically sound. Both should meet the AKC standards; any defects will continue those flaws in the potential litter. Both male and female cannot have any genetic health issues which can be passed down from parent to puppy. If a genetic flaw is found, the dog should not be bred. Expect that you will always have some dogs who cannot be bred.
Among the testing that will be done ahead of time by your veterinarian. CERF, BAER and OFA testing and certification should be performed as well.

CERF stands for Canine Eye Registration Foundation. CERF was created by a group of owners and breeders who were concerned about the loss of quality in the lives of their dogs due to heritable eye diseases. Working in union with cooperating Veterinary Opthamologists, CERF was established with the goal of eliminating heritable eye disease in dogs.

BAER stands for: Brain Auditory Evoked Response. This is a test that is safe and painless for the dog to determine if a dog has a hearing loss.

OFA stands for the Orthopedic Foundation for Animals. You'll want to have both dam and sire cleared of any potential hip and knee weaknesses before breeding. 
Correct Ages

While a female can become pregnant during her very first heat cycle, which occurs when she is still a puppy, it is highly recommended for the female to be at least 2 years old to carry a litter. This offers her the best chance to be physically mature but still have enough youthful flexibility. Breeding must also stop at the correct age. In general a female is “retired” from breeding at 7. However, this will vary greatly depending on her health, how quickly she recovers, if a cesarean section was needed, the size of her litter and so much more. 

A male’s sperm will not be viable until at least the age of 4 months. It is suggested to wait until a male is at least 9 months old to before using him as a stud dog. Purebred males (per the AKC) are required to be at least 7 months old to sire a litter, however waiting a couple of more months increases your chances of a successful tie. 
newborn Maltipoo pup
Newborn Maltipoo pup
Photo courtesy of Hilde Abruzzo
2nd Generation

If you decide to breed Maltipoo to Maltipoo, you will produce a 2nd generation puppy. This is important to keep in mind. There are pros and cons to this.

If two first generation Maltipoos are much closer in appearance to one of the purebred breeds (either both lean toward the Poodle or both lean toward the Maltese) and are paired together, this produces a 2nd generation Maltipoo that is now far off from a 50/50 1st generation breed dog.  As we slowly work toward recognition, this could throw off us off course in trying to establish what exactly a Maltipoo looks like. 

Now, this this said, if two dogs were both a 'perfect' 50/50 mixture of Poodle and Maltese without either one leaning toward the appearance of either... this technically would be working toward producing puppies that brought us a bit closer to a standard.  However, we are too early in this journey to be doing this., This is a tricky time right now, as many are trying hard to have this breed accepted into the AKC. If people keep producing 2nd, 3rd, 4th and even 5th generation puppies, it will be extremely difficult to establish a standard. Doing this type of mating will work against the goal of making the bloodline strong. Therefore, a lot of thought should go into this before it happens.
So Much More Information
  • Detailed and Complete Breeding Information
  • Pre-PregnancyCare
  • Maltipoo Pregnancy From Day 1 to Post-Delivery
  • Potential Pregnancy Issues and Health Risks
  • Delivering at Home
  • Whelping
  • Weaning
  • Newborn Care....This can ALL be found in the PetMaltipoo eBook
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